The Community Mapping Factsheet is a glimpse into the OpenDRI efforts to include people who are exposed to hazards in the data creation process. This information can keep data up to date and locally relevant, enhancing the accuracy of risk assessments. Efforts to map the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal, in partnership with the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team, have proved useful in light of the 2015 earthquakes.
The Open Data for Resilience Initiative has lots of information about this topic on their website.
Harnessing Local Knowledge to Build Resilience in the Philippines
In May 2013, the World Bank, the Department of Interior and Local Government, and the Institute of Environmental Science for Social Change launched a project on Community Mapping and LGU Decision Support Tools for Disaster Risk Reduction and Management in the Philippines.
Through ESSC, the project provided training and capacity building using OSM and InaSAFE including development of learning materials, assistance in monitoring data edits and online forum support. The Provincial Government of Pampanga and the municipalities of Candaba, Lubao and Guagua actively participated in the series of workshops and consultation meetings, shared their time and resources especially in data collection, collaborative editing, impact analysis and contingency planning. Technical assistance was also extended by DILG and Project NOAH.
The impact of open data and technology-enabled transparency does not lie solely in the economic sphere. Government openness produces tremendous other benefits for our societies through increasing state or institutional responsiveness, reducing levels of corruption, building new democratic spaces for citizens, empowering local and disadvantaged voices or enhancing service delivery and effective service utilization. However, proof on the social and political impact of open data initiatives is incredibly scarce. This paper intends to tackle some of the methodological challenges through building evidence base that can empower further generalizations in the open government field; as well as developing a methodological framework to unpack theories of change and to evaluate the social impact of open data and digital transparency initiatives.
Assessing impact means we should be able to prove if there has been some kind of change in the ecosystem. Whether that change is “good” or “bad” will always depend on a normative position, while attribution is incredibly challenging – let alone impossible – for most open government projects. Therefore, the authors of this paper believe that focusing on mid-term outcomes as opposed to long-term impact or short-term output might be the right next step for the open data community in order to create a solid base for evaluation. The Outcome Mapping approach – as well as other robust evaluation methods – has a strong potential for the long-term evaluation of complex projects through detecting and documenting the desired change model in the behaviors, relationships and activities of people and organizations an open data initiative interacts with.
An assessment of the implementation of the G20 open data anti-corruption principles by five G20 countries.
In 2015 the anti-corruption principles were developed based on the Open Data Charter. This was a first step towards leveraging open data as a crucial tool for enabling a culture of transparency and accountability in order to address corruption.
The purpose of this overview report is to make the case for using open data to strengthen anti-corruption efforts. The report, which was jointly conceived and carried out by Transparency International and the Web Foundation, assesses the extent to which a select group of G20 countries (Brazil, France, Germany, Indonesia and South Africa) have met their commitments to fight corruption by applying and implementing the principles and actions set out in the G20 Principles. This report also provides a set of recommendations for further action based on that assessment.